High-demand occupations in Germany – Mangelberufe in IT branch

Is your profession on the high-demand in Germany? Check it out here

For IT professionals or even IT students it is getting consequentially easier to stay in Germany. Even if you don’t speak German.

ISCO-08 Screenshot 1. (Source: Department of Statistics, International Labour Office, Geneva)


The original title is: Liste der Mangelberufe. I would translate it into English as “high-demand ocupations list”. However, the Federal Ministry for Migration* (short: BAMF**) prefers the other term: “occupations which are regarded as jobs where there is a shortage of applicants”. Service Portal Berlin speaks about "shortage occupations"***.

So when I say “high-demand ocupations”, remember that it’s my translation from the “Mangelberufe”.

German Federal Office for Migration (BAMF) explains: “Section 2 subs. 2 of the German Employment Ordinance stipulates which occupations are regarded as jobs where there is a shortage of applicants****. These are occupations belonging to Groups 21, 221 and 25 of the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), and particularly include … mathematicians, engineers, … and skilled academic personnel in the field of information and communication technology” – s. link “BAMF publications” in the end of this article.

In Germany there is only one official language – German. This means that employment law and job titles are all in German. That’s why I thought it was appropriate to list the same professions in German as well. Remember that only the IT professions are listed in this particular article. For the whole high-demand occupations list follow the link to the ISCO-08 (at the end of this article).

Are you curious whether your profession is certainly one of the high-demand occupations? Wanna check it out?

Step 1: check out the list below. If you don’t find your profession there, do step 2;

Step 2: check out the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08)**. If you still can’t find it, do step 3;

Step 3: send me your questions below as a comment (anonymously and without registration).

Could you find your profession on the list below? My congratulations – you would easily get the German entry permit and the Blue Card EU.

Good news! Probably all the ccupations in the IT branch count as high-demand occupations (Mangelberufe). In other words, as soon as you’re from the IT industry, you are in a priviliged position and you can apply for the lower minimum salary.

In 2020 it contains €43.056 of gross annual salary. This is equivalent to €3.588 per month, which is very common in the IT sector on the German labor market. More information about salaries s. Realistic salary in German IT branch.

A fragment from ISCO-08

ISCO-08 Screenshot 2. (Source: ec.europa.eu)


DEUTSCH – High demand occupations in Germany (the fragment):

25 Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte in der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie

251 Entwickler und Analytiker von Software und Anwendungen

2511 Systemanalytiker
2512 Softwareentwickler
2513 Web- und Multimediaentwickler
2514 Anwendungsprogrammierer
2519 Entwickler und Analytiker von Software und Anwendungen, anderweitig nicht genannt

252. Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte für Datenbanken und Netzwerke

2521 Datenbankentwickler und -administratoren
2522 Systemadministratoren
2523 Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte für Computernetzwerke
2529 Akademische und vergleichbare Fachkräfte für Datenbanken und Netzwerke, anderweitig nicht genannt

ENGLISH – High demand ocuupations in Germany (the fragment):

25 Information and communications technology professionals

251 Software and applications developers and analysts

2511 Systems analysts
2512 Software developers
2513 Web and multimedia developers
2514 Applications programmers
2519 Software and applications developers and analysts not elsewhere classified

252. Database and network professionals

2521 Database designers and administrators
2522 Systems administrators
2523 Computer network professionals
2529 Database and network professionals not elsewhere classified


* - italic marking in this article were made by me – Jaroslav Plotnikov
** – BAMF: http://www.bamf.de/EN/Infothek/FragenAntworten/BlaueKarteEU/blaue-karte-eu-node.html;jsessionid=855D69B08BB3122A7CA45483D1262FA3.2_cid286
*** - Service Portal Berlin: https://service.berlin.de/dienstleistung/324659/en/
**** – International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO-08): http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/1978984/6037342/ISCO-08.pdf (ENGLISH) / http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:L:2009:292:0031:0047:DE:PDF (DEUTSCH).


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27.10.19 ©️ Jaroslav Plotnikov ( All articles )
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1. Emilija (18-04-2018)
I’m considering to move to Germany, so it’s good startpoint to check my skills are needed.
- Welcome to Germany, we need IT professionals here 🙂 They earn $41K+ annually. - Jaroslav

2. Gaga (27-07-2018)
Thank you for sharing

3. Ravikumar Trambadia (24-05-2019)
I am a software tester from india having 8 years of experience in IT software company and having engineering degree from indian anabin recognized university. I recently got job offer from berlin IT software company as ‘QA Engineer’ that is similar to software tester with 45000 yearly salary.
My question is, am I eligible to apply for a blue card from berlin with QA Engineer position with 45000 salary? Does this occupation come under high demand occupation? Again my field is software IT industry and my degree is university engineering degree.
- Replied you via email. - Jaroslav

4. Rahul (07-06-2019)
My question is, am I eligible to apply for a blue card from Berlin with Senior QA Engineer position with 50000 salary. Does this occupation come under high demand occupation & if yes, Then how cam i get the approval from Germany federal agency
- The answer is YES to both questions: QA Engineer is in the demand occupations and 50.000 is enough for the getting the blue card. Remember that the last word has the Foreigner Authority. In Berlin it called LABO, in other cities – “Ausländerbehörde”. How can you get an approval?
Do following:
Step 1: get a signed working contract from your German employer. If you don’t have it, a working offer would be enough.
Step 2: learn which documents you need ( https://service.berlin.de/dienstleistung/324659/en/ ) and
Step 3: get an appointment (German: Termin) in LABO ( https://www.berlin.de/labo/willkommen-in-berlin/termine/artikel.598381.en.php )
Even if the date is far in the future, still book it. You can try to come earlier and wait in the queue, but I recommend booking an appointment in any case.
Here there is a FAQ around bluecard (this site is from Government so you can trust them): https://www.bamf.de/SharedDocs/FAQ/DE/Blaue-Karte/014-mangelberufe.html
Jaroslav

5. Chari (24-07-2019)
Greetings! First of all, thank you so much for clarifying our doubts. My question is.
Are ALL jobs under the IT field comes under DEMAND OCCUPATION. For eg, there are web developer, software developer, DBA, system administrator, are ALL jobs comes under officially under demand occupation?
I have masters in Chemical engineering BUT I work as a web developer for the past three years. My age is 44, is it POSSIBLE for me to migrate to Germany and works for 10 years as a web developer?
Thanks again.
Chari
- Hi Chari, first of all why do you care about all IT-professions? If zou are developer, zou are in. My congrats! And my answer to your question is YES. Don’t worry about your “chemical” degree and age. What really counts are your skills and the ability to work in a “German way” – as German expect to. To make vore accurate assessment, it would be good to see your CV. - Jaroslav

6. Nambi (29-07-2019)
Hi Jaroslav Plotnikov,
I need your help and Thanks much for taking time and effort to answer my question
Do you advise to become software Developer, Data Base Administrator,(DBA), web developer, Architect, Cloud computing-related jobs, Network related jobs?. There are lot of IT jobs and i am unable to choose one. I have ZERO knowledge about the IT field. So here are my questions:
  • What do you advise or suggest me to focus? Which IT job can i focus on and become one?
    I came to understand from my homework, that DataBase Administrator, DBA can be easily obtained by doing the SQL and other certification. I mean which doesn’t take a lot of time, unlike developer.
  • is DBA a “demand job” in Germany?
  • What are all the other IT jobs / JOB TITLE (under IT branch) is demand in Germany.?
  • I want to choose a job title THAT IS demand in Germany and earlier to obtain.

Sorry for the long message.
Best wishes,
Nambi

- Hi Nambi,
I replied via personal email. Here is one hint which can be usefull for others as well.
If you want to roughly estimate how much demand for the particular profession in all German territory or just in a certain region, use the search engine of Arbeitsagentur (Federal Employment Office). Read this article: https://jaroslavplotnikov.com/arbeitsagentur/

7. Xavier (22-08-2019)
Hi there,
My question is : Im an accountant having 9 yrs experience working in dubai… How easy / hard is it to get a job in the same profile in germany…Awaiting your reply
- To my opinion you have to be familiar with two things:
#1 – Know German accounting regulations
#2 – Have German level B2 or higher
The #2 is optional, because you can target foreigners searching an accountant with english skills. But #1 is an obvious must, isn’t it? - Jaroslav